Neurologic Disorders

Alzheimer's Disease


Alzheimer’s Association. (2017). Alzheimer’s Association Report: 2017 Alzheimer’s disease facts and figures. https://www.alz.org/documents_custom/2017-facts-and-figures.pdf


Cummings, J. L., Isaacson, R. S., Schmitt, F. A. & Velting, D. M. (2015). A practical algorithm for managing Alzheimer’s disease: what, when, and why? Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology. 2(3), 307-323 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4369281/


Smart, C. M., et al. Subjective Cognitive Decline Initiative (SCD-I) Working Group. (2017). Non-pharmacologic interventions for older adults with subjective cognitive decline: Systematic review, meta-analysis and preliminary recommendations. Neuropsychology Review. 27 (3), 245-257. doi: 10.1007/s11065-017-9342-8


Bell's Palsy


de Almeida, J. R., Guyatt, G. H., Sud, S., Dorion, J., Hill, M. D., Kolber, M. R., et. al. (2014). Management of Bell palsy: clinical practice guideline. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 186(12):917-22. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.131801


Gronseth, G. S., Paduga, R. (2012). Evidence-based guideline update: steroids and antivirals for Bell palsy: report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology. 79(22):2209-2213.


Karalok, Z. S., Taskin, B. D., Ozturk, Z., et. al. (2018). Childhood peripheral facial palsy. Childs Nervous System; 34(5):911-917. doi: 10.1007/s00381-018-3742-9


Madhok, V. B., Gagyor, I., Daly, F., et. al. (2016). Corticosteroids for Bell’s palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis). Cochrane Database Systematic Reviews, 7(7):CD001942. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001942.pub5


Schwartz, S. R., Jones, S. L., Getchius, T. S., Gronseth, G. S. (2014) Reconciling the clinical practice guidelines on Bell’s palsy from the AAO-HNSF and the AAN. Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, 150(5), 705-709. doi: 10.1177/0194599814529079


Taylor, D., Zacariah, S. (2019). Bell palsy. Medscape. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1146903-overview


Vrabec, J. T., Backous, D. D., Djalilian, H. R., Gidley, P. W., Leonetti, J. P., Marzo, S. J., et al. (2009). Facial nerve grading system 2.0. Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery. 140(4), 445-450. doi: 10.1016/j.otohns.2008.12.031


Zandian, A., Osiro, S., Hudson, R., Ali, I., Matusz, P., Tubbs, S. R., & Loukas, M. (2014). The neurologist’s dilemma: A comprehensive clinical review of Bell’s palsy, with emphasis on current management trends. Medical Science Monitor, 20, 83-90. http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.889876


Carpal Tunnel Syndrome


Graham, B., Peljovich, A. E., Afra, R., Cho, M. S., Gray, R., Stephenson, J., Gurman, A., MacDermid, J. … Sevarino, K. (2016). The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons evidence-based clinical practice guideline on: management of carpal tunnel syndrome. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 98(20),1750-1754. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.16.00719.


Hollier, A. (Ed.). (2018). Carpal tunnel syndrome. In Clinical Guidelines in Primary Care. (3rd ed). Advanced Practice Education Associates.


Huisstede, B. M., Friden, J., Coert, J. H., & Hoogvliet, P. (2014). Carpal tunnel syndrome: Hand surgeons, hand therapists, and physical medicine and rehabilitation physicians agree on a multidisciplinary treatment guideline – results from the European hand guide study. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95(22), 2253-2263. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2014.06.022


Kleopa, K.A. (2015). In the Clinic. Carpel tunnel syndrome. Annals of Internal Medicine, 163(5); ITC1. Doi: 10.7326/AITC201509010


Padua, L., Coraci, D., Erra, C., Pazzaglia, C., Paolasso, I., Loreti, C., …& Hobson-Webb, L.D. (2016). Carpal tunnel syndrome: clinical features, diagnosis, and management. Lancet Neurology. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1474-4422(16)30231-9


Sharief, F., Kanmani, J., & Kumar, S. (2018). Risk factors, symptom severity, and functional status among patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. Neurology India, 66, 743-746. doi: 10.4103/0028-3886.232351


Concussion


Avallone, K. M., Smith, E. R., Ma, S., Gargan, S., Porter, K. E., Authier, C. C., Martis, B., Liberzon, I., & Rauch, S. A. (2019). PTSD as a mediator in the relationship between post-concussive symptoms and pain among OEF/OIF/OND veterans. Military Medicine, 184, e118-e123. doi:10.1093/milmed/usy225


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). CDC pediatric mTBI guideline. https://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/PediatricmTBIGuideline.html


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). Updated mild traumatic brain injury guidelines for adults. https://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/mtbi_guideline.html


De La Cour, F. L., Rasmussen, M. A., Foged, E. M., Jensen, L. S., & Schow, T. (2019). Vocational rehabilitation in mild traumatic brain injury: Supporting return to work and daily life functioning. Frontiers in Neurology, 10(103), 1-10. doi:10.3389/fneur.2019.00103


Dessy, A. M., Rasouli, J., Yuk, F., & Choudhri, T. F. (2015). Second impact syndrome: A rare, devastating consequence of repetitive concussions. Contemporary Neurosurgery, 37(20), 6-11. doi:10.1097/01.CNE.0000481063.69551.5c


Gupta, A., Summerville, G., & Senter, C. (2019). Treatment of acute sports-related concussion. Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, 12, 117-123. doi:10.1007/s12178-019-09545-7


Hirad, A. A., Bazarian, J. J., Merchant-Borna, K., Garcea, F. E., Heilbronner, S., Paul, D., Hintz, E. B., van Wijngaarden, E., Schifitto, G., Wright, D. W., Espinoza, T. R., & Mahon, B. Z. (2019). A common neural signature of brain injury in concussion and subconcussion. Science Advances, 5(8). doi:10.1126/sciadv.aau3460


Kim, E., Seo, H. G., Lee, H. H., Lee, S. H., Choi, S. H., Yoo, R. E., Cho, W. S., Wagner, A. K., & Oh, B. M. (2019). Altered white matter integrity after mild to moderate traumatic brain injury. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 8, 1318-1332. doi:10.3390/jcm8091318


Lindsey, G. L., Yesen, A., & Christie, A. D. (2019). The impact of physical activity and sleep on physiology following a mTBI. International Journal of Exercise Science, 12(3), 919-931. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31523349


McKeithan, L., Hibshman, N., Yengo-Kahn, A. M., Solomon, G. S., & Zuckerman, S. L. (2019). Sport-related concussion: Evaluation, treatment, and future directions. Medical Sciences, 7, 44-62. doi:10.3390/medsci7030044


Mullally, W.J. (2017). Concussion. The American Journal of Medicine, 130, 885-892. doi:10.1016j.amjmed.2017.04.016


Permenter, C. M. & Sherman, A. I. (2020). Postconcussive syndrome. NCBI Bookshelf StatPearls. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK534786/


Polinder, S., Cnossen, M. C., Real, R .G., Covic, A., Gorbunova, A., Voormolen, D. C., Master, C. L., Haagsma, J. A., Diaz-Arrastia, R., & von Steinbuechel, N. (2018). A multidimensional approach to post-concussion symptoms in mild traumatic brain injury. Frontiers in Neurology, 9, 1113. doi:10.3389/fneur.2018.01113


Sharp, D. J. & Jenkins, P. O. (2015). Concussion is confusing us all. Practical Neurology, 15, 172-186. doi:10.1136/practneurol-2015-001087


Sindelar, B., Patel, V., & Bailes, J. E. (2017). Return to play after a sports-related head injury. Contemporary Neurosurgery, 39(6), 1-5. doi:10.1097/01.CNE.0000516087.03855.69


Taylor, C. A., Bell, J. M., Breiding, M. J., Xu, L. (2017). Traumatic brain injury-related emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths – United States, 2007 and 2013. Surveillance Summaries, 66(9);1-16. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.ss6609a1


Zhou, Y. & Greenwald, B. D. (2018). Update on insomnia after mild traumatic brain injury. Brain Sciences, 8, 223-241. doi:10.3390/brainsci8120223


Febrile Seizures


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). MMRV and febrile seizures: vaccine safety. https://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/vaccines/mmrv/mmrv-febrile-seizures.html


Kawai, A. T., Martin, D., Kulldorff, M., Cole, D. C., McMahill-Walraven, C. N., Selvam, N., & Lee, G. M. (2015). Febrile seizures after 2010-2011 trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine. Pediatrics 136(4), e848-855. Doi: 10.1542/peds.2015-0635


National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (2018). Febrile Seizures Fact Sheet. NIH publication No. 15-3930. https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/Patient-Caregiver-Education/Fact-Sheets/Febrile-Seizures-Fact-Sheet


Natsume, J., Hamano, S., Iyoda, K., Kanemura, H., Kubota, M., Mimaki, M., . . . Sugie, H. (2017). New guidelines for management for febrile seizures in Japan. Brain and Development, 39(1): 2-9. Doi: 10.1016/j.braindev.2016.06.003


Seinfeld, S. A., Pellock, J. M., Kjeldsen, M. J., et al. (2016). Epilepsy after febrile seizures: twins suggest genetic influence. Pediatric Neurology, 55, 14-16. Doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2015.10.008


Stockwell, M. S., Broder, K., LaRussa, P., Lewis, P., Fernandez, N., Sharma, D., Barrett, A., Sosa, J., & Vellozzi, C. (2014). Risk of fever after pediatric trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. JAMA Pediatrics, 168(3), 211-219. doi:10.10110/jamapediatrics.2013.4469


Wilmshurst, J. M., Gaillard, W. D., Vinayan, K. P., Tsuchida, T. N., Plouin, P., Bogaert, P. V., . . . Cross, J. H. (2015). Summary of recommendations for the management of infantile seizures: task force report for the ILAE Commission of Pediatrics. Epilepsia, 56(8), 1185-1197. Doi: 10.1111/epi.13057


Headaches: Cluster Headaches


Blanda, M., Dafer, R., (2019). Neurology: cluster headache. Medscape. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1142459-overview


Evers, S., Rapoport, A. (2017). The use of oxygen in cluster headache treatment worldwide – a survey of the International Headache Society. Cephalalgia, 37, 396. doi: 10.1177/0333102416647786


Goadsby, P. J., (2015). Treatment of cluster headache. American Migraine Foundation. https://americanmigrainefoundation.org/resource-library/understanding-migrainetreatment-of-cluster-headache/


Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society. (2018). The International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd ed. Cephalalgia, 38(1), 1-211. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0333102417738202


International Headache Society. (2019). The International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd (ICHD-3). https://ichd-3.org/appendix/a3-trigeminal-autonomic-cephalalgias-tacs/a3-1cluster-headache-alternative-criteria/


May, A., Schwedt, T. J., Magis, D., et al. (2018). Cluster headache. Nature Review Disease Primers, 4:18006. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrdp.2018.6


Robbins, M.S., et al. (2016). Treatment of cluster headache: The American Headache Society Evidence-Based Guideline. Headache. 56(7), 1093-1106. doi: 10.1111/head.12866


Headaches: Migraine Headaches


American Academy of Neurology. (2019). Practice guidelines update: Acute treatment of migraine in children and adolescents. Neurology online. https://www.aan.com/Guidelines/home/GetGuidelineContent/970


Becker, W.J. (2015). Acute migraine treatment in adults. Headache, 55:778-793. doi: 10.1111/head.12550.


Chawla, J. (2020). Migraine headache. Medscape. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1142556-overview


Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society. (2018). Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society (IHS): The International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition. Cephalalgia. 38(1), 1-211. https://doi.org/10.1177/0333102417738202


International Headache Society. (2019). The International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition (ICHD-3). https://ichd-3.org/1-migraine/


Kurth T., Winter, A. C., Eliassen, A. H., Dushkes, R., Mukamal, K. J., Rimm, E. B., et al. (2016). Migraine and risk of cardiovascular disease in women: prospective cohort study. BMJ. 353: i2610. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.i2610


Liebman, T. N., Crystal, S. C. (2011). What is the evidence that riboflavin can be used for migraine prophylaxis? Einstein Journal of Biological Medicine 27(1), 7-9.


Lilly USA. (2019). Reyvow (lasmiditan): prescribing information. https://www.reyvow.com/


Mayans, L. (2018). Acute migraine headache: treatment strategies. American Family Physician, 97(4), 243-251. https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0215/p243.html


Thompson, D. and Saluja, H. (2017). Prophylaxis of migraine headaches with riboflavin: A systematic review. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics. 42(4), 394-403. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpt.12548


Headaches: Tension Headaches


Berk, T., Ashina, S., Martin, V., et al. (2018). Diagnosis and treatment of primary headache disorders in older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 66(12), 2408-2416. doi: 10.1111/jgs.15586


Blanda, M. (2017). Tension headache. Medscape. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/792384-overview


Cardona, L. and Graham, J. (2016) Tension-type headache. American Migraine Foundation. https://americanmigrainefoundation.org/resource-library/tension-type-headache/


Derry, S., Wiffen, P. J., Moore, R. A. (2017). Aspirin for acute treatment of episodic tension-type headache in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; 1:CD01188.


Hollier, A. (Ed.). (2018). Tension headaches. In Clinical Guidelines in Primary Care. (3rd ed.). Advanced Practice Education Associates.


International Headache Society. (2018). Tension-type headache. In The International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd ed. Cephalalgia. 38:1. https://ichd-3.org/2-tension-type-headache/


Jensen, R. H. (2018). Tension-type headache: The normal and most prevalent headache. Headache. 58(2), 339-345. doi: 10.1111/head.13067


Lipton, R. B., Diener, H. C., Robbins, M. S., et al. (2017). Caffeine in the management of patients with headache. Journal of Headache Pain. 18(1), 107. doi: 10.1186/s10194-017-0806-2


Major Neurocognitive Disorder


Alzheimer’s Association. (2020). Cognitive assessment. https://alz.org/professionals/health-systems-clinicians/cognitive-assessment


Alzheimer’s Association. (2020). Can Alzheimer’s disease be prevented? https://alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/research_progress/prevention


American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. (5th ed.). American Psychiatric Publishing.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). Physical activity prevents chronic disease. https://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/resources/infographic/physical-activity.htm


Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2017). Kaplan and Sadock’s Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry. (10th ed., Vol.1). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Meningitis


Hasbun, R. (2019). Meningitis treatment and management. Medscape. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/232915-overview


Infectious Diseases Society of America. (2004). Practice guidelines for the management of bacterial meningitis. Clinical Infectious Diseases 39 (9) 1267-1284. https://doi.org/10.1086/425368


National Institutes of Health. (2014). Meningitis and encephalitis fact sheet. https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/Patient-Caregiver-Education/Fact-Sheets/Meningitis-and-Encephalitis-Fact-Sheet


Van de Beek, D., Cabellos, C., Resat Sepahi, O., Brouwer, M. C., for the ESCMID Study Group for Infections of the Brain. (2016). ESCMID guideline: diagnosis and treatment of acute bacterial meningitis. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 22(Suppl 3), S37-S62. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2016.01.007


Multiple Sclerosis


Alharbi, F. M. (2015). Update on vitamin D and multiple sclerosis. Neurosciences (Riyadh), 20(4), 329-35. doi: 10.17712/nsj.2015.4.20150357


Goodin, D. S. (2014). The epidemiology of multiple sclerosis: Insights to disease pathogenesis. Handbook of Clinical Neurology, 122, 231-266. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-444-52001-2.00010-8


Karagaraj, P., Evangelou, N., et al. (2019). Multiple sclerosis and pregnancy. The Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, 21(3), 177-184. doi.org/10.1111/tog.12576


Rumrill, P., Bishop, M. (2019). Multiple sclerosis: A high-incidence immune-mediated disease of the central nervous system. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 51(1), 1-9. doi: 10.3233/JVR-191020


Sivakolundu, D., West, K. L., et al. (2019). Reduced arterial compliance along the cerebrovascular tree predicts cognitive slowing in multiple sclerosis: evidence for a neurovascular uncoupling hypothesis. Multiple Sclerosis Journal. doi.org/10.1177/135245851986660


The Consortium of MS Centers. (2018). MRI protocol and clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and follow-up of MS. https://cdn.ymaws.com/www.mscare.org/resource/collection/9C5F19B9-3489-48B0-A54B-623A1ECEE07B/2018MRIGuidelines_booklet_with_final_changes_0522.pdf


Thompson, A. J., Banwell, B. L., Barkhof, F., Carroll, W. M., Coetzee, T., Comi, G., Correale, J., Fazekas, F., … Cohen, J.A. (2018). Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis: 2017 revisions of the McDonald criteria. Lancet 17 (2), 162-173. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(17)30470-2


Wolinsky, J., Montalban, X. et al. (2018). Evaluation of no evidence of progression or active disease in patients with primary progressive multiple sclerosis in the ORATORIO trial. Annals of Neurology, 84 (4), 527-536. doi: 10.1002/ana.25313


Parkinsonʼs Disease


Hollier, A. (Ed.). (2018). Parkinson’s disease. In Clinical Guidelines in Primary Care. (3rd ed.) Advanced Practice Education Associates.


International Parkinson and Movement Disorders Society. (2008, updated 2019). The MDS-sponsored revision of the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale. https://www.movementdisorders.org/MDS-Files1/PDFs/Rating-Scales/MDS-UPDRS_English_FINAL_Updated_August2019.pdf


National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. (2018). Parkinson’s disease quality standards (NICE guidance qs164). https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/qs164/resources/parkinsons-disease-pdf-75545600441029


National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. (2017). Parkinson’s disease in adults (NICE guideline NG71). https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng71


Postuma, R., Berg, D., Stern, M., Poewe, W., Olanow, & Deuschld, G. (2015). MDS clinical diagnostic criteria for Parkinson’s disease. Movement Disorders, 30 (12), 1591-1601. doi: 10.1002/mds.26424


Savica, R., Grossardt, B. R., Bower, J. H., Ahlskog, J. E., Rocca, W.A. (2016). Time trends in the incidence of Parkinson disease. JAMA Neurol. 73(8):981-989. doi:10.1001/jamaneurol.2016.0947


Seizure Disorder


Buttaro, T. M., Trybulski, J., Polgar-Bailey, P., Sandberg-Cook, J. (2017). Seizure disorder. In Primary Care A Collaborative Practice. (5th ed.). (pp 1054-1062). Elsevier.


Epilepsy Foundation. (2014). A revised definition of epilepsy. https://www.epilepsy.com/article/2014/4/revised-definition-epilepsy


Fisher, R. S., Acevedo, C., Arzimanoglou, A., Bogacz, A., Cross, J. H., Elger, C. E., Wiebe, S. (2014). A practical clinical definition of epilepsy. Epilepsia, 55(4), 475-482. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/epi.12550


Huff, J. S., Melnick, E. R., Tomaszewski, C. A., Thiessen, M. E., Jagoda, A. S., & Fesmire, F. M. (2014). Clinical policy: Critical issues in the evaluation and management of adult patients presenting to the emergency department with seizures. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 63(4), 473-447. doi: 10.1016/S019606440400068X


Jackson, M. J. (2014). Concise guidance: diagnosis and management of epilepsies in adults. Clinical Medicine, 14(4), 422-427. doi: 10.7861/clinmedicine.14-4-422


Ko, D. Y. (2020). Epilepsy & seizures treatment and management. Medscape. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1184846-treatment


Luttrull, M. D., Cornelius, R. S., Angtuaco, E. J., Berger, K. L., Bykowski, J., Holloway, K., Wippold, F. J. (2014). ACR appropriateness criteria seizures and epilepsy. American College of Radiology. https://acsearch.acr.org/docs/69479/Narrative/


National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence. (2012; updated 2020). The epilepsies: The diagnosis and management of the epilepsies in adults and children in primary and secondary care [Clinical guideline; no 137]. https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg137


Syncope


Hollier, A. (Ed.). (2018). Syncope. In Clinical Guidelines in Primary Care. (3rd ed.). Advanced Practice Education Associates.


Numeroso, F., Mossini, G., Cervellin, G. (2017). Role of emergency department observation units in the management of patients with unexplained syncope: a critical review and meta-analysis. Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine. 4(4), 201-207. doi: 10.15441/ceem.17.231


Shen, W. K., et al. (2017). 2017 ACC/AHA/HRS guideline for the evaluation and management of patients with syncope: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines, and the Heart Rhythm Society. Circulation, 136, e60-e122. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIR.0000000000000499


Transient Ischemic Attack


Boehringer Ingelheim. (2019). Pradaxa prescribing information. https://docs.boehringer-ingelheim.com/Prescribing%20Information/PIs/Pradaxa/Pradaxa.pdf


Coutts, S. B. (2017). Diagnosis and management of transient ischemic attack. Continuum, 23(1), 82-92. doi:10.1212/CON.0000000000000424


Gupta, H. V., Farrell, A. M., & Mittal, M. K. (2014). Transient ischemic attacks: predictability of future ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack events. Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management, 10, 27-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S54810.


Janssen Pharmaceuticals. (2020). Xarelto prescribing information. http://www.janssenlabels.com/package-insert/product-monograph/prescribing-information/XARELTO-pi.pdf


Kernan, W. N., Ovbiagele, B., Black, H. R., Bravata, D. M., Chimowitz, M. I., Ezekowitz, M. D., Wilson, J. A. (2014). Guidelines for the prevention of stroke in patients with stroke and transient ischemic attack: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke, 45(7), 2160-2236. doi:10.1161/STR.0000000000000024


Nanda, A. (2018). Transient ischemic attack. Medscape. https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1910519-overview#a4


Panuganti, K. K., Tadi, P., Lui, F. (2020). Transient ischemic attach. StatPearls. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK459143/


Virani, S. S., Alonso, A., Benjamin, E. J., Bittencourt, M. S., Callaway, C. W., Carson, A. P. … on behalf of the American Heart Association Council on Epidemiology and Prevention Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. (2020). Heart disease and stroke statistics—2020 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 141, e139-e596. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIR.0000000000000757


Trigeminal Neuralgia


Bendtsen, L., Zakrzewska, J. M., Abbott, J., Braschinsky, M., Di Stefano, G., Donnet, A., Eide, P. K., Leal, P. R., Maarbjerg, S., May, A., Nurmikko, T., Obermann, M., Jensen, T. S., and Cruccu, G. (2019). European Academy of Neurology guideline on trigeminal neuralgia. European Journal of Neurology. 26, 831-849. doi:10.1111/ene.13950


Benoliel, R., Sharav, Y., Haviv Y., et al. (2017). Tic, triggering, and tearing: from CTN to SUNHA. Headache, 57(6):997-1009. doi: 10.1111/head.13040


Gronseth G., Cruccu, G., Alksne, J., et al. (2008, reaffirmed 2018). Practice Parameter: The diagnostic evaluation and treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (an evidence-based review): Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the European Federation of Neurological Societies. Neurology, 71, 1183-1190. doi: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000326598.83183.04


Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society. (2018). The International Classification of Headache Disorders. (3rd ed.). Cephalalgia, 38(1), 1-211. doi:10.1177/0333102417738202


Zakrzewska, J., Linskey, M. (2016). Trigeminal neuralgia. American Family Physician, 94(2), 133-135. https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p133.html

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